Telegram. 2500x1254 / 604 Kb Go to Map. The Union government has asked Wikipedia to take down a map that shows Aksai Chin as a part of China, issuing a strongly-worded letter to the United States-based nonprofit, according to officials familiar with the matter. The Durrani Fort on top is one of the ancient forts of Jammu and Kashmir from the times of the Mughal emperors. [60], In the 1950s, India collected salt from various lakes in Aksai Chin to study the economic feasibility of salt mining operations in the area. "Aksai Chin is shown as an integral part of India in the map of India and its neighbours on page 149," the statement added. Map of India and China shows the geographical location of China and India along with their capitals, international boundaries, surrounding countries and major cities. [13][14] At least one source interprets Aksai to mean "eastern" in the Yarkandi Uyghur dialect. Vedio Series- Wonderland of Himalayas.#1-Aksai Chin is one of the two large disputed border areas between India and China. According to a recent detailed Chinese map, no roads cross the Kunlun Range within Hotan Prefecture, and only one track does so, over the Hindutash Pass.[52]. [23][unreliable source?] A map on Wikipedia showing Aksai Chin as a part of China has caught the eye of the Indian government. [23][unreliable source?] [3], Some sources interpret Aksai to be a word of Turkic origin with the meaning "white stone desert", including several British colonial,[4][5] modern Western,[6][7][8][9] Chinese,[2][10] and Indian sources. The Ardagh line was effectively a modification of the Johnson line, and became known as the "Johnson-Ardagh Line". A visual side-by-side comparison shows a very detailed duplication of Aksai Chin in the camp. Asia location map. The home ministry also issued a separate notification with the details of boundaries which shows Aksai Chin, which is currently administered by China, as part India's Ladakh. [17] For military campaigns, the region held great importance, as it was on the only route from the Tarim Basin to Tibet that was passable all year round. That is because Ladakh, of which the contentious Aksai Chin is a significant part, and Gilgit that stretched to the Little and Taghdumbash Pamirs, are central to India s economic, political and military interests. In an article on India-Bhutan relations, Aksai Chin is shown as part of China in a map … December 18, 2014. Earlier in 2013, Google Maps had come under criticism for showing PoK and Aksai Chin (and parts of Arunachal Pradesh) outside the Indian map. Aksai Chin is a region administered by China as part of its Xinjiang and Tibet autonomous regions, and constituting the eastern portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and China since 1962. Up to this point, the boundary in the Aksai Chin sector, based on the Johnson Line, had been described as "undemarcated. OpIndia Staff. Wednesday, December 2, 2020 The Government of India has sent a notice to the online Encyclopedia Wikipedia asking to remove the India-China map to show the wrong map. Such terrain models are known to be used in military training and simulation (although usually on a much smaller scale)...Wikipedia, http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showthreaded&Number=503759, Range markers on the Huangyangtan artillery range, Yinchuan West Air Base super-hardened underground bunkers, Built over remains of a Xia imperial tomb, Yinchuan air base super-hardened underground hangars, Greenland Center Towers under construction. Es ist neben Arunachal Pradesh Hauptpunkt im Grenzstreit zwischen den beiden Staaten. [41][42][43], On September 11, 2019, People's Liberation Army troops confronted Indian troops on the northern bank of Pangong Lake. Aksai Chin, Chinese (Pinyin) Aksayqin, portion of the Kashmir region, at the northernmost extent of the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia.It constitutes nearly all the territory of the Chinese-administered sector of Kashmir that is claimed by India to be part of the Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir state.. Geographically, Aksai Chin is a southwestward extension of the Plateau of Tibet. India claims that China has occupied approximately 38,000 sq. 9, No. [30] According to some commentators, China believed that this had been the accepted boundary. The territory administered by China is situated largely in the southernmost part of the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, China, with a small portion on the southeast and south sides lying within the extreme western limit of the Tibet Autonomous Region. [14] It is taken to mean "China" by some Chinese,[2][10][16] Western,[4][8] and Indian sources. [66] The road was later upgraded to the China National Highway 219. The map used for unveiling of the BRI plan showed Aksai Chin part of India. The Sino-Indian Border Disputes, by Alfred P. Rubin, The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. While India claims the region as the eastern-most part of the union territory of Ladakh, China claims that Aksai Chin is part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and Tibet under its control. The AksaiChin region is cold desert area .To understand this area we should know history and geography of this disputed area between India and China. … Following the spread of misinformation, India has issued strong orders against it and asked Wikipedia to delete map showing the wrong information. This border, along the Karakoram Mountains, was proposed and supported by British officials for a number of reasons. The western part of Aksai Chin region is drained by the Tarim River. Ladakh was conquered a few years earlier by the armies of Raja Gulab Singh (Dogra) under the suzerainty of the Sikh Empire. [35], The Indian position, as stated by Prime Minister Nehru, was that the Aksai Chin was "part of the Ladakh region of India for centuries" and that this northern border was a "firm and definite one which was not open to discussion with anybody". [27], Upon independence in 1947, the government of India used the Johnson Line as the basis for its official boundary in the west, which included the Aksai Chin. The central government has instructed Wikipedia to remove the link to an incorrect map of the union territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir, media reports suggest. The largest of them is that of the Aksai Chin Lake, which is fed by the river of the same name. The word had been given life: This map would, centuries later, come to form the foundation of India’s claims to Aksai Chin. [26][non-primary source needed] In 1878 the Chinese had reconquered Xinjiang, and by 1890 they already had Shahidulla before the issue was decided. Aksai Chin (ﺋﺎﻗﺴﺎﻱ ﭼﯩﻦ;Hindi-अक्साई चिन) is a disputed border area between China and India. [58] The route, referred to as the Chang Chenmo line after the starting point in Chang Chenmo River valley, was discussed in the House of Commons in 1874. The LoC divides J&K into regions governed by India and the territory which Pakistan has occupied. [39] A visual side-by-side comparison shows a very detailed duplication of Aksai Chin in the camp. Following an unsuccessful campaign into Tibet in 1840, Gulab Singh and the Tibetans signed a treaty, agreeing to stick to the "old, established frontiers", which were left unspecified. [27] However, the maps were not updated and still showed the Johnson Line. The Kashmir section of the northern boundary is the heart of India s boundary dispute with China. Aksai Chin (Chinese: 阿克赛钦; pinyin: Ākèsài Qīn; Uyghur: ﺋﺎﻗﺴﺎﻱ ﭼﯩﻦ ‎‎;) is a region administered by China as part of its Xinjiang and Tibet autonomous regions (mostly as part of Hotan County, Hotan Prefecture in Xinjiang), and constituting the eastern portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and China since 1962. The major salt lakes are Surigh Yil Ganning Kol, Tso Tang, Aksai Chin Lake, Hongshan Hu, etc. New Delhi: The World Health Organisation (WHO), which is facing accusation of delaying declaring coronavirus a pandemic allegedly at Beijing’s behest, seems to have floundered on the depiction of China’s map on its website. [29] The British presented this line, known as the Macartney–MacDonald Line, to the Chinese in 1899 in a note by Sir Claude MacDonald. [17], The Chinese minister Zhou Enlai argued that the western border had never been delimited, that the Macartney-MacDonald Line, which left the Aksai Chin within Chinese borders was the only line ever proposed to a Chinese government, and that the Aksai Chin was already under Chinese jurisdiction, and that negotiations should take into account the status quo.[17]. The map had been released by the commerce ministry of China. Asia political map. [citation needed] The area is largely a vast high-altitude desert with a low point (on the Karakash River) at about 4,300 m (14,100 ft) above sea level. [31][32], Both the Johnson-Ardagh and the Macartney-MacDonald lines were used on British maps of India. We all know about the current border tensions between India and China regarding Aksai Chin. Johnson presented this line to the Maharaja of Kashmir, who then claimed the 18,000 square kilometres contained within,[23][unreliable source?] China administers 10% (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract) of the state since 1962. The 900m × 700m model was surrounded by substantial facility, with rows of red-roofed buildings, scores of olive-colored trucks and a large compound with elevated lookout posts and a large communications tower. WhatsApp. [1] 3500x2110 / 1,13 Mb Go to Map. This map was created by a user. China’s immediate political and military aims — to prevent India from developing border infrastructure that threaten Aksai Chin and other areas captured before/during the 1962 War — are achieved by securing territory up to the 1959 Claim Line, first mentioned in Zhou Enlai’s letter to Jawaharlal Nehru. [15] At least one source take it to mean "pass". Google maps marks Kashmir as 'disputed', (courtesy: Hindustan Times) Facebook. Aksai Chin covers an area of about 37,244 square kilometres (14,380 sq mi). Beginning in the 1920s, the Ministry of External Affairs noted in a 1960 document “Chinese map have departed from the traditional boundary, and … In the current version of our map here, the XTB splits off the southern part of the disputed region and then merges with … "[29], During the 1950s, the People's Republic of China built a 1,200 km (750 mi) road connecting Xinjiang and western Tibet, of which 179 km (112 mi) ran south of the Johnson Line through the Aksai Chin region claimed by India. The construction of this highway was one of the triggers for the Sino-Indian War of 1962. [68] Huoshaoyun, a major lead-zinc deposit, and numerous smaller deposits were discovered in the region. British commissioners contacted Chinese officials to negotiate the border, who did not show any interest. Oktober 2010). The map used for unveiling of the BRI plan showed Aksai Chin part of India. However, it may be noted that both the demarcations in J&K continue to be depicted in Google Maps version accessed outside India. The government has directed Wikipedia, one of the most popular information repositories online, to take down a map from its site showing Aksai Chin as part of China. 3000x1808 / 762 Kb Go to Map. Aksai Chin Terrain Scale Model (Google Maps). In 1897 a British military officer, Sir John Ardagh, proposed a boundary line along the crest of the Kun Lun Mountains north of the Yarkand River. China,major chinese cities,Beijing,Shanghai, Hong Kong,Taipei,Guangzhou,Nanjing, Chongping,Tianjin,Wuhan,Macau 1571x1238 / 469 Kb Go to Map. For military campaigns, the region held great importance, as it was on the only route from the Tarim Basin to Tibet that was passable all year round. [17] The Indians did not learn of the existence of the road until 1957, which was confirmed when the road was shown in Chinese maps published in 1958. The Maharajah of Kashmir constructed a fort at Shahidulla (modern-day Xaidulla), and had troops stationed there for some years to protect caravans. Recently, Chinese media has accused India of building defence facilities in the Galwan Valley region of the contested Aksai Chin area.. Key Points. Aksai Chin is located either in the Indian union territory of Ladakh or the Chinese; Macartney MacDonald Line is a proposed boundary in the disputed area of Aksai Chin It was proposed by British Indian Government to China in 1899 via its; Gurung Hill is a mountain near the Line of Actual Control in the region of Aksai Chin that is controlled by China but claimed by India. [24] At the time Britain was concerned at the danger of Russian expansion as China weakened, and Ardagh argued that his line was more defensible. [28] In 1899, Britain proposed a revised boundary, initially suggested by Macartney and developed by the Governor General of India Lord Elgin. A visual side-by-side comparison shows a very detailed duplication of Aksai Chin in the camp. [57] In the 1860s to 1870s, in order to facilitate trade between the Indian subcontinent and Tarim Basin, the British attempted to promote a caravan route via the western side of Aksai Chin as an alternative to the difficult and tariffed Karakoram Pass. [61][62], By the end of the 1950s, in addition to having constructed a road, numerous PLA Ground Force outposts were constructed in a few locations, including at Tianwendian,[63] Kongka Pass,[64] Heweitan[65] and Tianshuihai. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Parts of Ladakh (Aksai-Chin) in the China section of the WHO website has been shown as part of Chinese territory with a dotted line and colour code. The health organisation’s website shows the Aksai Chin region as a part of China with a dotted line and colour code. Share Via Email 3000x1808 / 914 Kb Go to Map. Aksai Chin is shown as an integral part of India in the map of India and its neighbours on page 149. Geographically, Aksai Chin is a southwestward extension of the Plateau of Tibet. [5][6][7][9][11][12], Because of its 5,000-metre (16,000 ft) elevation, the desolation of Aksai Chin meant that it had no human importance other than as an ancient trade route, which provided a temporary pass during summer for caravans of yaks between Xinjiang and Tibet. The examples and perspective in this article, Disputed region in Xinjiang, Tibet, and Kashmir, Region administered by China as part of Xinjiang and Tibet, The application of the term "administered" to the various regions of, 在西段,印度政府提出爭議的传统习惯綫以东和以北的地区,历来是屬于中国的。这个地区主要包括中国新疆所屬的阿克賽欽地区和西藏阿里地区的一部分,面积共为三万三千平方公里,相当于一个比利时或三个黎巴嫩。这个地区虽然人烟稀少,却历来是联結新疆和西藏阿里的交通命脉。新疆的柯尔克孜族和維吾尔族的牧民經常在这一带放牧。阿克賽欽这个地名就是維吾尔語“中国的白石滩”的意思。这块地方一直到現在是在中国的管轄之下。. Construction started in 1951 and the road was completed in 1957. 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